Social-emotional development, emotion regulation, parenting, family systems, substance use, children of caregivers with substance use disorders
Julia Shadur is an Assistant Professor of Childhood Studies in the School of Integrative Studies and in Human Development and Family Science at George Mason University. She earned her B.A. in Psychology from Tufts University and her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. As part of her doctoral training, she completed a minor concentration in Quantitative Psychology and her clinical psychology internship at the Mt. Washington Pediatric Hospital in Baltimore. Dr. Shadur completed an F32-funded postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Human Development and Quantitative Methodology and at the Center for Addictions, Personality, and Emotion Research in the Department of Psychology, both at the University of Maryland in College Park.
Dr. Shadur’s program of research focuses on the intergenerational transmission of addiction and emotion dysregulation, and examines both basic and prevention research questions regarding the development of emotion regulation among young children with caregivers who have substance use disorders. Her research is grounded within the frameworks of developmental psychopathology and developmental science, and her work explores the multifaceted factors that impact emotion regulation and risk-taking behaviors across development. She focuses on the contextual, family, and parenting factors that impact young children with caregivers who have substance use disorders. She is particularly interested in how parental addiction impacts emotion-specific parenting behaviors (i.e., parent emotion socialization), and how these parenting behaviors then impact children’s emotion regulation and subsequent risk for substance use. Dr. Shadur employs a broad range of quantitative methods and analytic techniques to accomplish her research aims, including factor analysis, structural equation modeling / latent growth curve modeling, and multilevel modeling.
Dr. Shadur's research at Mason has been funded through a Faculty Research and Development Award (FRDA) through the College of Humanities and Social Sciences. The project funded through this award is entitled "Parenting Stress, Emotion Regulation, and Recovery: Transactional Mechanisms Underlying Intergenerational Transmission of Opioid Addiction and Risk for Relapse." This work examines the mechanisms that explain how the context of opioid addiction impacts parenting and child outcomes, as well as the risks that underlie how the stress of parenting itself increases risk for relapse and overdose particularly following residential treatment discharge. An additional qualitative research aim of this project involved conducting focus groups in which we asked groups of mothers in residential addiction treatment to discuss the challenges of parenting through recovery as well as the ways in which they respond to and teach their young children about emotions.
A second study in this line of work examining the diverse parenting contexts that exist among caregivers struggling with addiction is also currently underway in collaboration with Dr. Cristina Risco at UMD in College Park. The aim of this project is to better characterize the interaction between parent emotion socialization more broadly and parent socialization around issues related to culture, race, racial identity, and experiences of discrimination. This project examines how the intersection between these diverse contextual factors and multifaceted parenting behaviors collectively impact the developmental, social, and emotional outcomes among children with parents who struggle with substance use disorders and who self-identify as African American.
Shadur, J., Felton, J., & Lejuez, C. (2021). Alcohol use and perceived drinking risk trajectories across adolescence: The role of alcohol expectancies. Current Psychology. doi: 10.1007/s12144-021-02178-5.
Shadur., J., & Hussong, A.M. (2020). Maternal substance use and child emotion regulation: The mediating role of parent emotion socialization. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29, 1589-1603. doi: 10.1007/s10826-019-01681-5
Shadur, J., & Hussong, A.M. (2019). Conceptualization and measurement of parent emotion socialization among mothers in substance abuse treatment. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(2), 325-342. doi: 10.1007/s10826-018-1269-z
Shadur, J., Ninnemann, A., Lim, A., Lejuez, C.W., & MacPherson, L. (2017). The prospective relationship between distress tolerance and cigarette smoking expectancies in adolescence. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 31(5), 625-635. doi: 10.1037/adb0000300
Shadur, J., & Lejuez, C.W. (2015). Adolescent substance use and comorbid psychopathology: Emotion regulation deficits as a transdiagnostic risk factor. Current Addiction Reports (Topical Collection on Transgenerational Considerations in Addictions), 2(4), 354-363. doi: 10.1007/s40429-015-0070-y
Shadur, J.M., Hussong, A.M., & Haroon, M. (2015). Negative affect variability and adolescent self-medication: The role of the peer context. Drug and Alcohol Review, 34(6), 571-580, doi: 10.1111/dar.12260.
Shadur, J., & Hussong, A.M (2014). Friendship intimacy, close friend drug use, and self-medication in adolescence. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 31(8), 997-1018.
ADDITIONAL PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS
Garner, P., Shadur, J., & Dunsmore, J. (in press). Emotion socialization beliefs and authoritarian parenting as predictors of young children’s behavioral problems. Mental Health and Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhp.2023.200264
Psychological Bulletin. https://doi.org/
Hussong, A., Shadur, J. & Sircar, J. (2022). Targeting the needs of families in recovery with young children. Children and Youth Services Review, 143. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2022.106651.
Felton, J.W., Shadur, J., Havewala, M, Cassidy, J. Lejuez, C.W. & Chronis-Tuscano, A. (2022). Specific pathways from parental distress reactions to adolescent depressive symptoms: The mediating role of youths' reactions to negative life events. Journal of Psychopathology & Behavioral Assessment, 44, 750-762. doi: 10.1007/s10862-022-09954-y
Garner, P., Shadur, J. & Toney, T. (2021). The effects of teacher-child racial congruence, child race, and emotion situation knowledge on teacher-child relationships and school readiness. Psychology in the Schools, 58(10), 1995-2016. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.22567
Felton, J., Shadur, J., Havewala, M., Goncalves, S., & Lejuez, C.W. (2019). Impulsivity moderates the relation between depressive symptoms and substance use across adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 15, 1-13. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2018.1537189
Felton, J., Collado, A., Havewala, M., Shadur, J., MacPherson, L., & Lejuez, C.W. (2019). Distress tolerance interacts with negative life events to predict depressive symptoms across adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 48(4), 633-642. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2017.1405354
Felton, J., Banducci, A., Shadur, J., Stadnik, R., MacPherson, L., & Lejuez, C. (2017). The developmental trajectory of perceived stress mediates the relations between distress tolerance and internalizing symptoms among youth. Development and Psychopathology, 29(4), 1391-1401. doi: 10.1017/S0954579417000335
Tuten, M., Shadur, J., Stitzer, M., & Jones, H. (2017). A comparison of Reinforcement Based Treatment (RBT) versus RBT plus Recovery Housing (RBT-RH). Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 72, 48-55. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.09.001
McCauley, K.L., Shadur. J., Hoffman, E.M., MacPherson, L., & Lejuez, C.W. (2016). Adolescent callous-unemotional traits and parental knowledge as predictors of unprotected sex among youth. Behavior Modification, 40(1-2), 70-96.
Felton, J., Collado, A., Shadur, J., Lejuez, C.W., & MacPherson, L. (2015). Sex differences in self-report and behavioral measures of disinhibition predicting marijuana use across adolescence. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 23(4), 265-274.
Lechner, W.V., Shadur, J.M., Banducci, A.N., Grant, D.M., Morse, M., & Lejuez, C.W. (2014). The mediating role of depression in the relationship between anxiety sensitivity and alcohol dependence. Addictive Behaviors, 39(8), 1243-1248.
Burns, A., Solis, J.M., Shadur, J., & Hussong, A.M. (2013). Comparing psychiatric symptoms among children of substance-abusing parents with different treatment histories. Vulnerable Children & Youth Studies, 8(3), 258-271.
Solis, J.M., Shadur, J., Burns, A.R., & Hussong, A.M. (2012). Understanding the diverse needs of children whose parents abuse substances. Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 5(2), 135-147.
Reimuller, A., Shadur, J., & Hussong, A.M. (2011). Parental social support as a moderator of self-medication in adolescents. Addictive Behaviors, 36(3), 203-208.
Hussong, A.M., Shadur, J., Burns, A., Stein, G., Jones, D., Solis, J., & McKee, L. (2019). An early emerging internalizing pathway to substance use and disorder. In R.A. Zucker & S.A. Brown (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Adolescent Substance Abuse (pp. 319-343). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199735662.013.015
2019-2020: Faculty Research and Development Award. "Parenting Stress, Emotion Regulation, and Recovery: Transactional Mechanisms Underlying Intergenerational Transmission of Opioid Addiction and Risk for Relapse." Funding Source: College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHSS), George Mason University
2015-2018: Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship (F32-DA039626). "Parent Emotion Socialization and Child Emotion Regulation: Mechanisms of Intergenerational Transmission of Addiction." Agency: NIH (National Institute on Drug Abuse).
2011-2012: Institutional Predoctoral Training Fellowship (T32-HD0007376), The Center for Developmental Science. Agency: NIH (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development).
INTS 312: Images & Experiences in Childhood
INTS 316: Introduction to Childhood Studies
INTS 391: Understanding Integrative Studies
INTS 475: Addiction, Family, & Identity
HDFS 200: Individual and Family Development
PhD in Clinical Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
BA in Psychology, Tufts University
Shadur, J. (December, 2022). Parenting, addiction, and recovery: A qualitative thematic analysis. Poster presented at the 6th Annual Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (JCCAP) Future Directions Forum, held virtually through the Society of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology Online Conference & Forum, Washington, DC.
Shadur, J., (November, 2021). Parenting in the context of addiction and recovery: A qualitative focus groups thematic analysis. Poster presented at the Annual Trends in Psychology Summit (TiPS) at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Shadur, J., & Garner, P. (August, 2020, Virtual due to COVID-19). Parenting in the context of addiction and recovery. Special Interest Group (SIG) meeting discussion leaders, presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Prevention Research.
Kramer, J.H., Tella, D., Yale, K.B., Shadur, J., & Risco, C.M. (August, 2020, Virtual due to COVID-19). Discrimination and emotion regulation interact to predict hostility among substance-dependent African Americans. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association.
Shadur, J., (July, 2020, Virtual due to COVID-19). Parenting in the context of addiction and recovery: A qualitative focus groups thematic analysis. Oral paper presentation presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Prevention Research.
Shadur, J., (July, 2020, Virtual due to COVID-19). Beliefs and attitudes towards the opioid epidemic: A qualitative focus groups thematic analysis. Poster presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Prevention Research.